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Leave a Comment editors note: We have always been told we dropped the heinous weapon of mass destruction to end the war and save lives. I have always contended that Japan was ready to surrender already. But most of the top American military officials at Cpa gsl myer time said otherwise. Strategic Bombing Survey group, assigned by President Truman to study the air attacks on Japan, produced a report in July of that concluded In [July] … Secretary of War Stimson, visiting my headquarters in Germany, informed me that our government was preparing to drop an atomic bomb on Japan.
I was one of those who felt that there were a number of cogent reasons to question the wisdom of such an act. During his recitation of the relevant facts, I had been conscious of a feeling of depression and so I voiced to him my grave misgivings, first on the basis of my belief that Japan was already defeated and that dropping the bomb was completely unnecessary, and secondly because I thought that our country should avoid shocking world opinion by the use of a weapon whose employment was, I thought, no longer mandatory as a measure to save American lives.
The Secretary was deeply perturbed by my attitude…. Admiral William Leahy — the highest ranking member of the U. It is my opinion that the use of this barbarous weapon at Hiroshima and Nagasaki was of no material assistance in our war against Japan.
The Japanese were already defeated and ready to surrender because of the effective sea blockade and the successful bombing with conventional weapons. The lethal possibilities of atomic warfare in the future are frightening. My own feeling was that in being the first to use it, we had adopted an ethical standard common to the barbarians of the Dark Ages.
I was not taught to make war in that fashion, and wars cannot be won by destroying women and children. General Douglas MacArthur agreed pg. When I asked General MacArthur about the decision to drop the bomb, I was surprised to learn he had not even been consulted. What, I asked, would his advice have been?
He replied that he saw no military justification for the dropping of the bomb. The war might have ended weeks earlier, he said, if the United States had agreed, as it later did anyway, to the retention of the institution of the emperor.
He knew that the Japanese would never renounce their emperor, and that without him an orderly transition to peace would be impossible anyhow, because his people would never submit to Allied occupation unless he ordered it.
Ironically, when the surrender did come, it was conditional, and the condition was a continuation of the imperial reign.
I have always felt that if, in our ultimatum to the Japanese government issued from Potsdam [in July ], we had referred to the retention of the emperor as a constitutional monarch and had made some reference to the reasonable accessibility of raw materials to the future Japanese government, it would have been accepted.
Indeed, I believe that even in the form it was delivered, there was some disposition on the part of the Japanese to give it favorable consideration.
When the war was over I arrived at this conclusion after talking with a number of Japanese officials who had been closely associated with the decision of the then Japanese government, to reject the ultimatum, as it was presented. I believe we missed the opportunity of effecting a Japanese surrender, completely satisfactory to us, without the necessity of dropping the bombs.
Under Secretary of the Navy Ralph Bird said: I think that the Japanese were ready for peace, and they already had approached the Russians and, I think, the Swiss.
And that suggestion of [giving] a warning [of the atomic bomb] was a face-saving proposition for them, and one that they could have readily accepted.
He also noted pg. It definitely seemed to me that the Japanese were becoming weaker and weaker. They were surrounded by the Navy. Naturally, as time went on and the war developed in our favor it was quite logical to hope and expect that with the proper kind of a warning the Japanese would then be in a position to make peace, which would have made it unnecessary for us to drop the bomb and have had to bring Russia in.
Alfred McCormack — Director of Military Intelligence for the Pacific Theater of War, who was probably in as good position as anyone for judging the situation — believed that the Japanese surrender could have been obtained in a few weeks by blockade alone: The Japanese had no longer enough food in stock, and their fuel reserves were practically exhausted.Cpa Firm Problem on Ex-dividend Price Based on Chapter 17 Payout Policy Natsam Corporation has $ million of excess cash.
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