Page 80 Share Cite Suggested Citation: Improving Health in the Community: A Role for Performance Monitoring. The National Academies Press.
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. Abstract Learning theories are the main guide for educational systems planning in the classroom and clinical training included in nursing.
The teachers by knowing the general principles of these theories can use their knowledge more effectively according to various learning situations. In this study, Eric, Medline, and Cochrane databases were used for articles in English and for the Persian literature, Magiran, Iran doc, Iran medex, and Sid databases were used with the help of keywords including social cognitive learning, learning theory, behavioral theory, cognitive theory, constructive theory, and nursing education.
The search period was considered from to Some related books were also studied about each method, its original vision, the founders, practical application of the training theory, especially training of nursing and its strengths and weaknesses.
Behaviorists believe that learning is a change in an observable behavior and it happens when the communication occurs between the two events, a stimulus and a response.
Among the theories of this approach, Thorndike and Skinner works are subject to review and critique. Cognitive psychologists unlike the behaviorists believe that learning is an internal process objective and they focus on thinking, understanding, organizing, and consciousness.
Fundamentalists believe that learners should be equipped with the skills of inquiry and problem solving in order to learn by the discovery and process of information. Among this group, we will pay attention to analyze Wertheimer, Brunner, Ausubel theories, Ganyeh information processing model, in addition to its applications in nursing education.
Humanists in learning pay attention to the feelings and experiences. Carl Rogers support the retention of learning-centered approach and he is believed to a semantic continuum. At the other end of the continuum, experiential learning is located with the meaning and meaningful. It applies the minds and feelings of the person.
From this group, the main focus will be on the works of Rogers and Novels. Finally, it could be concluded that the usage of any of these theoriesin its place would be desired and useful.
In other words, theory is a set of related propositions, which should be able to describe, explain, predict, or control the phenomena.
Learning theories have tried to provide explanations about learning and their application. It is recommended to use learning theories, single or separated or a combination in the health professions including the nursing.
In most countries, including Iran, nurses are responsible for the design, implementation, and procedures for promoting health training. The nurses can use this approach in the field of self-care education to the patients. Learning theories can be used individually, group-wise or at a community level, not only for understanding and learning new things, but also for problem solving, changing the health habits, constructive communication, control emotions and affecting behavior development.
As it was discussed previously, patterns can be used for applying the theories. Therefore, a series of strategies and methods should be applied. They all have a solid theoretical foundation and describe the learning environment. In fact, each model is composed of all elements of teaching including the overall goal, partial goals, behavior, content, media, methods, knowledge evaluation, and the previous knowledge of the students.
By its using, it is possible to prevent the effective barriers due to inequalities resulting from social and economic status and the habit of the students to assist in learning. In this article, with the goal of reviewing the existing knowledge, the learning theories and their use in nursing education have been given an overview of the available resources in this area.
Searching period was between and and the followings were also considered, a number of related books about the methods, the original vision, the founders of theories, and their practical applications, especially in education and nursing training for evaluation of strengths and weaknesses.
In the article, it is emphasized on the application of the theory, especially in nursing education and the basic facts of each theory. Meanwhile, it is focused on new perspectives about the learning theories too.
In preliminary searching, out of all of the obtained articles due to the title and abstract analysis, about 30 papers were excluded including intervention papers, reviewed articles, and short essays for full text and structured reviews.
Behaviorism, cognitive, and constructivism. Behaviorism Behaviorism has been the dominant approach in psychology researches. At the beginning of the 20th century, traditional behaviorists believed that learning is a change in observable behavior and it happens when the communication occurs between the two events, a stimulus and a response.Communication - how can we improve our skills?
Monday 14th April, Communication is a vital skill for the nurse, but in this age of increased technology use and high-level skills, it can be forgotten. Community or public health nurses may specialize in areas such as home care; case management; clinical, school, or corporate nursing; or pharmaceu-tical sales.
Community health nurses with advanced degrees can also find opportunities in higher education and clinical research. Discuss issues related to defining nursing community.
Seven essential features of professional nurs- ChapTEr 2 The Essence of Nursing: Knowledge and Caring Knowledge Management. Knowledge work plays a critical role in healthcare. delivery today, and nurses are. Nurses can make a huge difference in the health of their patients by many methods.
Nurses can teach their patients education regarding the disease process that make be affecting the patient at that time. Feb 23, · Learning theories can be used individually, group-wise or at a community level, not only for understanding and learning new things, but also for problem solving, changing the health habits, constructive communication, control emotions and affecting behavior development.
Community engagement pedagogies, often called “service learning,” are ones that combine learning goals and community service in ways that can enhance both student growth and the common good.
In the words of the National Service Learning Clearinghouse, it is “a teaching and learning strategy that integrates meaningful .