Environmental justice is the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, national origin, or income with respect to the development, implementation, and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies.
They reported that the Australian population in was , or three times the previous estimate.
They concluded that more thanpeople had died as result of white settlement. This was made possible where unemployment was been high and where it was easy to convince the people that immigrants were taking their jobs, as it would serve to be a convenient excuse and avenue to vent frustration.
The reaction to that meant the same party won only 6 percent of the votes two months later, in the State elections. Australia has also had a very racist past in which apartheid has been practiced and where indigenous Aboriginal people have lost almost all their land and suffered many prejudices.
In the past, the notorious policy that led to the Stolen Generation was practiced. This was the institutionalized attempt to prevent Aboriginal children and thus future generations from being socialized into Aboriginal culture. This also occurred in various parts of the Americas too. Aborigines are the poorest group in Australia and suffer from very much preventable diseases.
For more about these issues, you can start at these harrowing reports from John Pilger a prominent Australian journalist who has been critical of many western policies. However, some more traditional and conservative politicians are still openly racist. Ina study found that Australians in general are welcoming of diversity but some 1 in 10 Australians still hold racist views — a ratio likely to be less than in some European countries, but still high the lead researcher noted.
Muslims were most feared or loathed for not belongingand followed by indigenous Australians and Africans. In andthere were increasing racist attacks against Indians with many Indians in Melbourne fearing racist attacks and lynchings were increasing.
It even led to the Indian government issuing an advisory warning about the dangers of traveling to Melbourne. Back to top Racism in Africa A number of nations in Africa are at war or civil war, or have been very recently, just few years after they have gained their independence from former colonial countries.
While most of the conflicts have resources at their core and involve a number of non-African nations and corporations, additional fuel is added to the conflict by stirring up ethnic differences and enticing hatred.
Also not that the artificial boundaries imposed in Africa by European colonialism and imperialism during the divide and rule policies has further exacerbated this situation and plays an enormous role in the root causes of these conflicts compared to what mainstream media presents.
In Zimbabwe, there has been increasing racism against the white farmers, due to poverty and lack of land ownership by Africans. South Africa until recently suffered from Apartheid, which legally segregated the African population from the Europeans.
Back to top Racism in the Middle East In a number of countries in the Middle East, discriminatory practice has been commonplace, mostly against foreign workers who work in low wage conditions, such as domestic workers.
Inter Press Service IPS describes how Lebanon has these discrimination problems even though it is often considered relatively open compared to its neighborsdue to freedoms enjoyed by women.
For example, people of color face discrimination at work and away from work, often not allowed at some beaches or clubs, or allowed with various restrictions. In addition, property rights are severely curtailed, even for Palestinians who are the same race, but not nationals.
Worsening discrimination in recent months seen at various beaches in Lebanon was symptomatic of the widespread racism that exists in Lebanon says Ali Fakhri, communication director at Indyact, a Lebanese NGO finding that all of the 20 beaches investigated barred domestic workers from Asia and Africa from using their facilities.
Highlighting the effects a legal system can have on culture, a lawyer also interviewed by IPS notes that The Lebanese constitution states that all Lebanese are equal in the eyes of the law, but no mention is made of the rights of foreigners. In the absence of a unified civil law, such discrimination will continue she adds: The Lebanese legal system follows different rules of law that vary from one community to the other.
It is a situation that naturally leads to inequality among people. As well as these cultural practices, there has also been a geopolitical dimension: For a long time there has been resentment by many in the Middle East at the policies of America in their region.
For many of the more extremist factions, this has turned into a form of racism as well, where many things that are Western are hated or despised. The situation of Palestine and Israel is also very contentious. While Arabs and Jews technically do not belong to different races, their religious and cultural differences and the political history of the region has contributed to extremities and tensions — by perhaps a minority, but perhaps an influential and often vocal and violent minority — resulting in prejudice on both sides.
With the terrible acts of terrorism committed by terrorists in America, on September 11,there has additionally been an outpouring of violent racial hatred by a minority of people in Western countries against people that look Middle Eastern some who are not Middle Eastern, such as Indians, have even been beaten or killed.
Furthermore, with the American-led attacks in Afghanistan in retaliation for those terrorist attacks, from Egypt to Pakistan, there have been minorities of people who have protested violently in the streets, and also committed racist acts, attacking anything that appears Western, from Western citizens, to even UNICEF and other UN buildings.
Yet, this is more complex than just a clash of religions and race, as deeper an issue is the geopolitical and economic activities of the past decades and centuries that have fueled these social tensions.
Racism in Asia In Cambodiathere has been a strong anti-Vietnamese sentiment.The Story of Race, Understanding Race, American Anthropological Association, July 13, Since the horrific terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, , Security concerns have understandably increased, but so too has racial profiling, discrimination etc.
A brief history of racism in the United States Samana Siddiqui Racism is the belief that one’s race, skin color, or more generally, one’s group, be it of religious, national or ethnic identity, is . "Racism and globalisation come together in the environment, with the phenomenon referred to as 'global environmental racism' - a manifestation of a policy which has found domestic expression in countries like the United States, but which also has a global dimension.".
The United States Environmental Protection Agency defines environmental justice as the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, national origin, or income. The Definition of Environmental Racism and Its Effects in the United States PAGES 3. WORDS 1, View Full Essay.
More essays like this: the united states, environmental protection agency, environmental racism.
"Racism and globalisation come together in the environment, with the phenomenon referred to as 'global environmental racism' - a manifestation of a policy which has found domestic expression in countries like the United States, but which also has a global dimension.". The acknowledgement of environmental racism prompted the environmental justice social movement that began in the s and s in the United States. Although environmental racism has been historically tied to the environmental justice movement, throughout the years the term has dissociated more and more from the environmental justice movement. The Indian Removal Act of and the Trail of Tears may be considered early examples of environmental racism in the United States. By , all tribes east of the Mississippi had been removed to western lands, essentially confining them to "lands that were too dry, remote, or barren to attract the attention of settlers and corporations". .
Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ . Environmental Justice activists consider the latter reason to be a form of economic extortion—having to accept the negative health consequences and adverse effects on the environment .