Charles Fourierinfluential early French socialist thinker Socialist models and ideas espousing common or public ownership have existed since antiquity. It has been claimed—though controversially—that there were elements of socialist thought in the politics of classical Greek philosophers Plato  and Aristotle. Christian socialism was one of the founding threads of the UK Labour Party and is said to be a tradition going back years to the uprising of Wat Tyler and John Ball . The OwenitesSaint-Simonians and Fourierists provided a series of coherent analyses and interpretations of society.
Myths are neither wholly true nor wholly untrue.
They may have been more true in the past than now, but people act as if they are still true, even when they no longer really believe in them. Some modem usages of the word have connotations that suggest that myths are irrelevant or wrong, but this is not necessarily so. Myths are of considerable importance to people, and for some, they may reflect ultimate personal truth.
The critical need is for people to be given the opportunity to find out which myths are meaningful and which are not. Myths have value in enabling us to organize the way we perceive facts and see ourselves and the world.
Myths speak through rich symbols, helping to bring order into what may otherwise be a chaos of personal experience.
Whether true or not, myths help us make sense of what is going on around us. Myths can provide a valuable doorway into the value structure of a society or culture and may give insights that are difficult to achieve by more conventional means.
Some myths, like belief in fairies, are probably harmless. Others may be dangerous if they distort the way we see the world and the ways we deal with problems.
How does one tell the difference? How does one help people recognize the existence of other perspectives of reality without offending deeply held beliefs? One good way to start examining a myth is to find out what it meant to those who created it the process of exegesis.
Many social and scientific myths of the twentieth century originated in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, so this is not difficult to do. The next task is to find out what the present-day followers of the tradition of a myth mean by it the process of hermeneutics.
The final task is to compare the myth with the reality it seeks to represent. This stage often runs into trouble with adherents because to them, a myth cannot be questioned without challenging the believer's self. Most myths present themselves as authoritative and able to account for facts, no matter how completely at variance they may be with the real world.
A myth gains its authority not by proving itself but by presenting itself. And the greater the political authority that lies behind the myth and the more often it is presented, the less likely it is to be challenged. Such is the case with many political and scientific myths of the twentieth century.
Over the past two hundred years, Western societies have cast aside many of the myths and institutions that had served them for hundreds of years. The great belief systems-the idea of a divine lawgiver; the sanctity of the family kin group, or tribe; the rituals, customs, conventions, ceremonies, and festivals that gave meaning and purpose to the smaller communities of earlier times-are mostly in ruins.This week: Updates on the long term costs on the political economy of the “Trump/GOP” attacks on China; the parallel analysis of increased attacks on immigrants; Michelle Alexander on “The.
According to the political-economic world view, competition is the normal way in which people and animals interact. Economists are beginning to acknowledge, however, and social scientists have known for a long time, that a more basic mode of interaction among people is .
Nov 23, · On the rise: The global economy enjoys a synchronised upswing Mar 16th , from Print edition The past decade has been marked by a series of false economic dawns. Bernie Sanders has single-handedly brought the term “democratic socialism” into the contemporary American political lexicon and shaken millions of Millennials out of their apathy towards politics.
Even if he does not win the Democratic nomination, his impact on American politics will be . The Biotechnology Myths. The agrochemical corporations which control the direction and goals of agricultural innovation through biotechnology claim that genetic engineering will enhance the sustainability of agriculture by solving the very problems affecting conventional farming and will spare Third World farmers from low productivity, poverty and hunger (Molnar and Kinnucan , Gresshoft .
Money, Myths, and Change: The Economic Lives of Lesbians and Gay Men (Worlds of Desire: The Chicago Series on Sexuality, Gender, and Culture) 1st Edition.