Types of research variables in research methodology

In an experiment, a researcher manipulates or changes a particular variable under controlled conditions while observing resulting changes in another variable or variables. The researcher manipulates the independent variable and observes the dependent variable. The dependent variable may be affected by changes in the independent variable.

Types of research variables in research methodology

Basic research[ edit ] This research is conducted largely for the enhancement of knowledge, and is research which does not have immediate commercial potential.

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The research which is done for human welfare, animal welfare and plant kingdom welfare. It is called basic, pure, fundamental research. The main motivation here is to expand man's knowledge, not to create or invent something.

An experimental research that may not be or will be helpful in the human progress.


It is used to solve a problem by adding to the field of application of a discipline. Applied Research[ edit ] Applied research is designed to solve practical problems of the modern world, rather than to acquire knowledge for knowledge's sake. The goal of applied research is to improve the human condition.

It focuses on analysis and solving social and real life problems. This research is generally conducted on a large scale basis and is expensive.

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Problem oriented research[ edit ] Research is done by industry apex body for sorting out problems faced by all the companies. It is usually a decision making dilemma or it is a need to tackle a particular business situation.

The cause of the problem can be any one of the following: Problem solving[ edit ] This type of research is done by an individual company for the problem faced by it. Marketing research and market research are the applied research. In short, the main aim of problem solving research is to discover some solution for some pressing practical problem.

Quantitative Research[ edit ] This research is based on numeric figures or numbers. Quantitative research aim to measure the quantity or amount and compares it with past records and tries to project for future period.

The objective of quantitative research is to develop and employ mathematical models, theories or hypothesis pertaining to phenomena. The process of measurement is central to quantitative research because it provides fundamental connection between empirical observation and mathematical expression of quantitative relationships.

Statistics is the most widely used branch of mathematics in quantitative research. Statistical methods are used extensively with in fields such as economics and commerce.

In sum, the research using the normative approach conducts why may be called quantitative research as the inferences from it are largely based on quantitative data. Moreover, objectivity is the primary guard so that the research may be replicated by others, if necessary.


Qualitative Research[ edit ] Qualitative research presents a non-quantitative type of analysis. Qualitative research is collecting, analyzing and interpreting data by observing what people do and say.

Qualitative research refers to the meanings, definitions, characteristics, symbols, metaphors, and description of things. Qualitative research is much more subjective and uses very different methods of collecting information,mainly individual, in-depth interviews and focus groups.

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The nature of this type of research is exploratory and open ended. Small number of people are interviewed in depth and or a relatively small number of focus groups are conducted. Qualitative research can be further classified in the following type.

A culture is the shared attributes, values, norms, practices, language, and material things of a group of people. In addition to the above, we also have the descriptive research. Fundamental research, of which this is based on establishing various theories Also the research is classified into:4 - 2 Common Sources of Research Questions The first three chapters introduced you to some broad themes in behavioral research, including the purpose of research, types of research, ethical issues, and the nature of science.

Variables And Types Of Variables-Research Methods-Handouts, Lecture notes for Research Methodology. Ambedkar University, Delhi.

Ambedkar University, Delhi. Research Methodology, Management. 3 pages. 50 Number of download. + Number of visits. % on 7 votes Number of votes. 4 Number of comments.

Types of research variables in research methodology

In quantitative research, variables are measured in some way and those numerical values are then used in statistical analyses. The nature of variables is important because, to some extent, it dictates the way research. Guide for Novice Researchers on Research Methodology exploratory types of research, while more mature problems might better be addressed by descrip- on the dependent variable to determine if changes in the independent variables are very likely to Guide for Novice Researchers on Research Methodology.

variables (i.e., hypothesis-testing research studies).

Types of research variables in research methodology

research methodology is the way in which research problems are solved systematically. It is a science of studying how research is conducted scientifically. Under it, the researcher acquaints The remaining types of research .

Types of research Types of research: application perspective Types of research: objectives perspective Improving your research methodology Broadening your knowledge base in your research area Sets of variables in counselling and marriage problems Independent, dependent, extraneous and intervening variables.

Research Methods Resource - Selection of the Research Paradigm and Methodology